GitHub Insights: An In-Depth Look at the Top 10 Programming Languages and Trends in 2024

GitHub stands as the premier platform for code management and collaboration, boasting a staggering 31 million users worldwide and supporting projects in 500 diverse programming languages. Despite Microsoft’s acquisition in 2018 for 7.5 billion, GitHub’s exponential growth remains apparent, with statistics underscoring its influence on the global developer community.

GitHub Statistics:

As of June 2023, GitHub stands as the largest source code repository, hosting over 100 million developers and 372 million repositories, including 28 million public ones. With a monthly user count surpassing one million and more than 227 million successful requests, GitHub’s impact is truly global, with active users spanning major countries such as the United States, India, China, Brazil, Russia, Germany, and the UK. Impressively, over 90% of Fortune 100 companies rely on GitHub for code storage and management.

Trends in Programming:

In 2023, a surge in first-time open-source contributors occurred, marking a distinctive shift as generative AI projects entered the top ten most popular initiatives for newcomers. Private projects on GitHub experienced a notable 38% year-over-year increase, constituting more than 80% of all platform activity, showcasing significant growth and diversification within the GitHub community.

Most Popular Open Source Projects:
Among the standout open-source projects on GitHub are TensorFlow, Flutter, Microsoft VS Code, Kubernetes, Elasticsearch, and Ansible. Notably, 92% of developers are either using or experimenting with AI coding tools, with a rising focus on AI models and large language models like the ChatGPT API.

Programming Languages Overview:


JavaScript remains the most popular language on GitHub, constituting over 22% of all repositories. Initially designed for browser interactivity, it has evolved to cover both front-end and back-end development, gaming, and various frameworks.


With more than 9% of repositories, Java, a compiled, general-purpose language, drives 15 billion devices globally. Widely used for Android apps, databases, and enterprise systems, Java’s platform independence is a hallmark feature.


Python, with over 10% of repositories, is an interpreted, open-source language versatile in software development, data research, machine learning, and more. Its extensive module support and easy integration with web services contribute to its popularity.


PHP, present in over 4% of repositories, is a server-side scripting language designed for web development. Despite criticisms, PHP offers robust frameworks, aiding developers in overcoming challenges and expediting the development process.


Utilized in over 7% of repositories, C++ is a high-level, general-purpose language combining C features with inheritance. Prevalent in video games, web browsers, and operating systems, C++ provides users with control over system hardware.


C#, used in over 6% of repositories, is a multi-paradigm language similar to Java, preferred for its strong typing and effective database interaction. It is integral to Microsoft’s .NET framework.


An open-source language by Microsoft, TypeScript is present in numerous JavaScript projects, offering optional static typing and easy integration with existing codebases.


Go, adopted by over 4% of repositories, is a lightweight language known for efficiency, readability, and simplicity. Its large standard library and built-in support for concurrent programming make it popular in microservices and web development.


With over 3% of repositories, R is a robust language for statistical computing, data analysis, and visualization. Its strong community support and integration capabilities contribute to its popularity in academia and data-centric fields.


Swift, used in over 3% of repositories, is Apple’s language for iOS and macOS app development. Its performance-oriented design, expressiveness, and focus on safety make it a preferred choice for Apple developers.


While the highlighted programming languages share common features, each possesses unique strengths catering to specific project requirements. The decision to choose one over another hinges on the project type and goals, emphasizing the importance of diving into projects to truly understand and leverage these languages effectively.

Mohamed SAKHRI
Mohamed SAKHRI

I'm the creator and editor-in-chief of Tech To Geek. Through this little blog, I share with you my passion for technology. I specialize in various operating systems such as Windows, Linux, macOS, and Android, focusing on providing practical and valuable guides.

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